Do you have the right fire extinguishers for your unique risks? Let’s take a look at each type of fire extinguisher, their uses, and their risks below. Liz has been writing for the Hub since 2014 and specialises in writing about technical topics in a style anyone can understand. When used against class A fires, the user can simply point and spray. They are primarily water based but contain a foaming agent, which has rapid flame knock-down and a blanketing effect. If one or more of these things are absent, a fire will not start. Otherwise, the fire may re-ignite. You should have the right types of fire extinguisher for your premises, or you may not meet current regulations. Water extinguishers are not safe on electrical risks or flammable liquids such as cooking oils, petroleum, and petroleum products. For example, using a water extinguisher on an electrical fire or a carbon dioxide one on a burning oil fire is extremely dangerous. Warning: Although they are not currently classified as suitable for fighting class B (liquids) and C (gases) fires, dry water mist extinguishers have been identified by fireservice.co.uk as effective against them. The downside to ABC powder extinguishers is that they pose a danger of inhalation when used in close spaces. However, electrical fires can occur on smaller scales in all businesses (i.e. There are different ‘classes’ of fire, for which each extinguisher is designed to tackle. Broadly speaking, there are 5 types of fire extinguishers, namely: Water based; Foam based; Powder based; CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) based; Wet Chemical based; Each type of fire extinguisher fights against different types of fire, as illustrated in the diagram below. The short answer is that is depends upon the type of fire you are dealing with, or to put it more correctly the class of fire. They also leave residue behind that is difficult to clean up and causes damage to soft furnishings, carpets, and electrical equipment. Fire extinguishers should be checked regularly to ensure that pressure levels are maintained. Types of Portable Fire Extinguisher. ABC dry powder fire extinguishers can also be safely used on fires involving electrical equipment like flammable solids and liquids. When buying fire extinguishers for your business, it’s important to buy the right type of fire extinguisher for your needs. It smothers the flames and seals vapours so that re-ignition cannot occur. Technically a type of liquid fire, Class K fires are distinct enough to warrant their own classification. Tweet on Twitter . Also, although they are capable of combating class A fires, they are not as effective as other extinguishers at doing so. It is very important to have the right tool for a job. What are the classes of Fire. However, they do not effectively penetrate the spaces in equipment easily, so the fire could still re-ignite. To ensure you’re adequately protected, and you meet current fire safety regulations, you need to have the right types of fire extinguisher for your business premises. These types of fire extinguishers are identifiable by the words ‘wet chemical’ printed across a yellow rectangle. Three things need to be present: air (oxygen gas), fuel, and heat. There are 5 main fire extinguisher types – Water, Foam, Dry Powder, CO2 and Wet Chemical. Fire extinguisher ratings are based on the five classes of fires. Phone: 540 636-4444, TOLL FREE Fax: 800 822-5001 Dry chemical extinguishers, … Do not confuse these with the ABC powder extinguishers, as they are not designed for class A, B, or C fires. The Class B fire is defined as one that uses a flammable liquid or gas as its fuel base. WATER. Once you are aware of what types of fires your business may encounter, you can buy the proper extinguisher for protecting against them. Knowing the types of fire extinguishers and how to use them effectively can mean the difference between preventing a small fire from spreading and allowing a fire to perpetuate causing terrible destruction or even death. In order to meet the current regulations, it is important for you to have the exact type of fire extinguisher that is needed for your premises. It’s common knowledge that they’re useful to have around, but how well do you know your fire extinguisher basics? All extinguishers will have one or more of the following classes symbols, to indicate which they are suitable for. a) Class A Fires. They remove either the air, fuel or heat (or all) component in the fire. These types of extinguishers will say ‘powder’ in white text over a blue rectangle, and underneath the rectangle will be written ‘ABC powder’. Wood, fabric, paper, trash ,and plastics are common sources of Class A fires. The best method of application is to spray in slow circular motions. The five types of extinguishers are: Class A -- flammable solids. These materials make up most of the materials in a home, which is why these can these are very common in homes. Per NFPA 10, burning may be classified into one or more of the following fire classes and your fire protection specialist will select the right fire extinguisher size and agent for the hazard. L2 contains ‘L’ for lithium). As their name suggests, these are designed to combat class A, B, and C fires – those involving solids, liquids, and gases. The five most commonly used fire extinguishers are water, foam, powder, the carbon dioxide, and the wet chemical.There are also more specialized fire extinguishers including the Halon, clean agent extinguishers FE-36 and the powder fire extinguishers such as the class D fire extinguishers for metal fire … Liz has written a variety of articles, ranging from fire safety, through food hygiene and anti-bribery, to dignity in care. The Class C fire is defined as a fire that uses electrical components and/or energized equipment as its fuel source. There are different chemicals used in these types of fire extinguishers. Because they do not leave any substances behind and so minimise damage done to equipment, unlike other extinguishers, they are particularly useful for offices and workshops where electrical fires may occur. M. Lopez-June 9, 2020. This is essentially the common accidental fire encountered across several different industries. Metals includes lithium, magnesium, sodium, or aluminium, for example. It also has an extended hose that you can hold and point, which is useful when fighting fires on a kitchen top. This could cause the fire to be pushed and spread to surrounding areas. Each type of fire extinguisher contains different materials that make them suitable for fighting certain types of fires, and is designed to safely and effectively discharge its contents. Types of fire extinguishers and their uses. These fire extinguishers are used for fires involving any combustible materials. The chemicals remove the water’s natural surface tension so that it soaks into burning materials more effectively when used. When sprayed, it forms a ‘crust’, which insulates the metal. The chemicals contained within the canister dispels the flames, cools the burning oil, and produces a soap-like solution that seals the surface and prevents re-ignition of the fire. Different Types of Fire Extinguisher. These types of fire extinguishers will be solid red and will have the words ‘water mist’ printed within a white rectangle. Fire extinguishers are an important addition to fire safety measures, as they can help to stop small fires. Carbon dioxide extinguishers are used for combating class B and electrical fires – they suffocate the fire by displacing oxygen in the air. You may believe that you are prepared if you have a fire extinguisher on site, but you may not be as prepared as you think. When choosing a fire extinguisher, be sure to pick one that will fight the fires that are most likely to develop in your business or home. The best method of application is to spray the foam nearby so that it can build up and flow across it. M28 and L2 are unique extinguishers in that they are designed for tackling Class D fires – those involving combustible metals including swarf or powder, which are often produced in engineering factories. Before attempting to operate any fire extinguisher, know which type of extinguisher to use. They are usually red and can be 5 to 20 pounds in weight. The extinguisher’s nozzle converts water into ‘dry’ microscopic particles, which are then drawn into the fire and simultaneously cool and suffocate it to extinguish the flames. Other types will be better suited for fighting electrical fires, but dry mist extinguishers have usually had dielectrical tests carried out on them which means that if they are accidentally used on electrical fires, they will not pose as significant a hazard as normal water extinguishers. Fax: 540 636-4455. The various types of fire extinguisher put out fires started with different types of fuel – these are called ‘classes’ of fire. FIRE EXTINGUISHERS. The user should empty the entire contents onto the oils or fats. Warning: wet chemical extinguishers are usually not recommended for class B fires – those involving liquids. There are 5 main fire extinguisher types – Water, Foam, Dry Powder, CO2 and Wet Chemical. Below are details on the various classes of fire. A fire extinguisher can certainly be a life-saving device in specific circumstances, yet did you understand there are various kinds of fire extinguishers for various kinds of fires? Fumes from CO2 extinguishers can asphyxiate if used in confined spaces: ventilate the area as soon as the fire has been controlled. Although there are many different types of fire extinguishers, all of them operate in a similar manner. Every fire extinguisher is rated for the types of fires it’s effective in putting out. : Pull the Pin at the top of the extinguisher. Such fires can be very dangerous and far more destructive than you may think. Types of Fires. By understanding what each fire class means, you can understand which fire types are a safety hazard at your business. Water extinguishers are used for Class A fires only. Dry Chemical fire extinguishers extinguish the fire primarily by interrupting the chemical reaction of the fire triangle. Powder extinguishers work to coat the fuel source and smother the fire. This is why it’s advised you use a different type of extinguisher for workplaces with electronics, such as an office with computers. They will state below the rectangle whether they are M28 or L2. Class K fires are naturally of concern in the food service and restaurant industry. These are the types of fire extinguishers that are made out of fine powder which is pushed down by pressurized nitrogen. Combustible materials include paper, wood, cardboard, plastics, and fabric. Throughout this article, we will explain the different classes of fires, the symbols that identify these, and the different types of extinguishers and their uses. Trash fires are one such example. There are a range of different fire extinguishing agents that are designed to smother different classes of fire. The strong jet from the extinguisher would push the burning oils or fats and spread the fire to surrounding areas. Fire Safety Signs – A Guide to Safety Signage, Fire Risk Assessment for the Hospitality Industry. There are five main types of fire extinguishers: Each type is easily identifiable by their names, colours, and sometimes their hoses. Use this acronym as a quick reference P.A.S.S. Let’s take a look! However, they should still not be used to fight electric fires. 1330 Progress Drive This type of extinguisher does not cool the fire very well and you need to ensure that the fire does not start up again. Types of fire extinguishers and their suitability. You must be able to use the extinguisher in the correct manner and should be trained before attempting to put out fires. The information throughout this article has provided some key guidance on the different types of extinguishers and their uses, but keep in mind that you also need practical training to learn how to safely handle extinguishers. These types of extinguishers can be identified by the text ‘carbon dioxide’ or ‘CO2‘ printed in white on a black rectangle. Class A fires are commonly put out with water or monoammonium phosphate. Aim at the base of the fire, not the flames. There 5 different type of fire extinguishers - not including fire blankets. One question we are often asked during fire safety training is “What are the different types of fire extinguishers used for?” In this article, we answer this question and also explain what the different classes of fire are. Due to their non-conductive nature, they are also suitable for fighting electrical fires. Fire extinguishers are available in different types with each one having specific fire classes that they are suitable for use on. The extinguisher has a low velocity applicator to ensure that the M28 or L2 powder is applied gently and efficiently to burning metal and to prevent the swarf from spreading. Being able to immediately distinguish which extinguisher you need in an emergency apart could make a lifesaving difference. Dry water mist extinguishers are unique in that they can combat almost all types of fires, including class F fires that are usually difficult to attack. Flammable gases such as butane or propane are also common fuel sources in Class B fires. Fire extinguishers are an integral part of the fire safety … Most foam extinguishers will have had dielectrical tests performed on them, so foam is less hazardous than water if it is accidentally sprayed on live electrical equipment. Electrical fires are very common in both homes and industrial settings. To identify whether a fire extinguisher is a dry chemical one, you will notice that the tank will have a hose and a pressure gauge on them. A Class K fire is defined as a cooking fire involving combustion from liquids used in food preparation. They are also effective for fire-fighting because they form a safety barrier between the user and the fire – which repels some of the heat – and do not leave hard-to-clean residue behind. Corporate Office There are 5 main fire extinguisher types – Water, Foam, Dry Powder, CO2 and Wet Chemical. To extinguish a Class D fire, use a dry powder agent. Fire Safety – What Are the Five Types of Fire Extinguishers? The fire … Her favourite article is Mental Health Myths vs Facts: What are the Realities? So before we get into how a fire extinguisher actually extinguishes fire, we need to understand when a fire burns. There are 5 kinds of fire extinguishers. Note that there are also other metals with combustive properties you may encounter. Every business is different and so are the potential dangers they face. Types of Fire Extinguishers Class A. Front Royal, Virginia 22630, TOLL FREE Phone: 800 255-5515 These will be solid red and will have the word ‘water’ or ‘aqua spray’ printed across them in white text. Today's most widely used type of fire extinguisher is the multipurpose dry chemical that is effective on Class A, B, and C fires. However, you cannot buy the first fire extinguisher you see and expect it to keep your business safe. Each extinguisher is suitable for fighting certain types, and it’s important for you to know the differences if its your job to fight fires at work. Not all fires are the same. These types of fire extinguishers are identifiable by the words ‘wet chemical’ printed across a yellow rectangle. Water extinguishers can sometimes contain chemical additives that improve their effectiveness by up to 300%. They also discharge gently, stopping the burning oils and fats from being pushed and splashing to surrounding areas or even the user. The various types of fire extinguisher put out fires started with different types of fuel – these are called ‘classes’ of fire. Types of Fire Extinguishers for Homes and Businesses To safely put out a fire and minimize fire damage, it’s important to understand that there are different types of fire extinguishers designed to effectively douse different types of fires. Furthermore: you must not hold the horn, base, or pipework on a C02 extinguisher while operating it. They also have a distinct type of hose. When confronted with such a fire, common extinguishing agents such as water are ineffective and can be hazardous. b) Class B Fires . However, be careful with the powder Mono Ammonium phosphate. Examples of such combustible metals include titanium, magnesium, aluminum, and potassium. Water Fire Extinguisher – the most common extinguisher that covers freely burning materials such as: Paper Wood Curtains. When it comes to the types of fire extinguishers, there are five main types including wet chemical, CO2, dry powder, foam and water. In this blog we’ll tell you all about each different type of fire extinguisher and what materials and fires they’re best suited to tackle. Wet Chemical Extinguishers. They are effective because they are capable of stopping fires that are of an extremely high temperature, particularly cooking oils and fats. The powder acts as a thermal blast that cools the flames so burning cannot continue. The gas becomes extremely cold during its discharge and so this could damage your hands. This absorbs the heat the fire requires to burn and smothers it as well. Paper and wood are examples. Warning: do not use on domestic chip or fat pan fires (class F). They are suitable for fighting class A and B fires. There are several different classifications of fires based primarily on the fuel source. Mental Health Myths vs Facts: What are the Realities? First of all, you need to know that fire comes in a variety of different forms. However, be aware that combustible metals are used as part of production and other industry processes, and you need to be certain of what materials you are using for day-to-day operations. TYPES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS AND THEIR USES . Fire extinguishers can be filled with powder, water additive, foam, or carbon dioxide. Diagram from Surrey Fire (https://surreyfire.co.uk/) Water Based Fire Extinguishers. There are two types water extinguishers: water spray and dry water mist. In other words, they are a multi purpose fire extinguisher. Whether a fire extinguisher must be present in your company is determined in the Risk Inventory & Evaluation. The first category consists of fires caused by combustible materials such as flammable solids like wood, fabric, and paper. Warning: do not use water extinguishers on burning fat and oil fires and electrical appliances. That means the fire extinguishers removes 1+ of these criteria. 97. Several types of fire extinguishers are available to fight different types of fires. The common fire extinguisher is one of the most well known and widely used safety tools. Class B fires are a common hazard in industries dealing with fuels, lubricants, and certain types of paint. There are three types of powder extinguisher: ABC powder, M28 powder, and L2 powder. Smothering these types of fires to remove oxygen is a common solution as are chemical reactions that produce similar effects. You should have the right types of fire extinguisher for your premises. Greases, cooking oils, vegetable fat, and animal fat are all fuel sources found in Class K fires. Warning: do not use on any other fire type, especially live electrical fires. Depending on their size, some may not come with a flexible hose, such as smaller foam or aqua water spray extinguishers. Class… By. Class D fires are a danger in laboratory environments. 5. The correct one must be used for the right class of fire, otherwise they may prove ineffective or in fact worsen the situation. However, when used against class B fires – those with flammable liquids – they should not be sprayed directly into the liquid. There are a variety of the fire extinguishers you can utilize to enhance your fire safety. For each class of fire, the fuel, heat source and chain reaction varies, which is why there must be different types of fire extinguishers depending on the class of fire. Fire extinguishers are classified as types A, ABC, BC or K. It is important to use the right type of extinguisher on the specific class of fire to avoid personal injury or damage to property. To extinguish such fires you cut the power off and use non-conductive chemicals to extinguish the fire. Note that cooking fires have their own classification and are defined as Class K fires. When you run a business, you are responsible for the safety of your employees and guests. Electrical fires are often fueled by motors, appliances, and electronic transformers. Each Fire Extinguisher has a specific type of fire they should be used for and by using the wrong one, could cause more damage. This prevents the fire from spreading to other flammable materials and smothers the fire to prevent oxygen from reacting with the metal again. Fires must be fought carefully depending on the materials involved. These types are fires use commonly flammable material as their fuel source. Share on Facebook. Class A fires are defined as ordinary combustibles. Electrical fires are common in industries that deal with energy or make use of heavy electrically-powered equipment. 5 Types of Fire Extinguishers. Foam extinguishers are identifiable by the word ‘foam’ printed within a cream rectangle on their bodies. Wet chemical extinguishers are designed for combating fires that involve class F fires. These types of extinguishers work by cutting off a fire's oxygen supply. This type of fire might be started by old wiring in walls, frayed electrical cords, worn-out breaker boxes, or faulty appliances. 0. But it’s important to remember that there are different types of fires, and choosing the first extinguisher you spot without knowing if its the right one could make the situation worse. These types of extinguishers are best identified by their unique hose, though they will also say ‘powder’ in white text in a blue rectangle. Different Types of Fire Extinguisher. They are your classic model: they dispense water at a high pressure to extinguish flames. Class B -- flammable liquids, such as gasoline. © 2019 High Speed Training Ltd. All rights reserved. That is why they have been classified in 6 different categories: We have a range of completely online courses, whether that is Fire Safety Training for general awareness, specific training if you work in a school or care home, Fire Warden Training for individuals in your business, or Fire Extinguisher Training to supplement your Fire Warden Training and practical extinguisher training. Water extinguishers are only suitable for class A fires, which means they can fight fires that involve wood, cardboard, paper, plastics, fabric and textiles, and other solid materials. It’s easy to differentiate between different types of fire extinguishers NZ thanks to … Although it is not recognised as a separate class of fire in Europe, electrical fires that involve live equipment and electrical sources are also a type you should bear in mind (think of it as an informal Class E; ‘E’ for electric to help you remember). Fire extinguishers meeting BS EN3 should have a red body (RAL 3000) and an agent specific colour band covering between 5-10% of the surface relating to the extinguisher's contents. The fire extinguishers in New Zealand are a little different from the ones you find in other countries. Warning: these should not be used on any other fire classes, especially electrical fires or chip or fat pan fires. L2 is suitable for all types of metal fires, whereas M28 cannot be used on lithium (need a way to remember that? There are different types of fire extinguishers because there are various types of fires. Fire extinguishers are one of the most commonly used fire safety devices out there, so they’ll be a familiar sight. The pin releases a locking mechanism and will allow you to discharge the extinguisher. ABC dry powder is also acceptable to use on flammable gases. Every fire extinguisher is rated for the types of fires it’s effective in putting out. Fire extinguishers are specialized pieces of equipment that are designed to put out fires of different classes. By being aware of the five classes of fires, you can be sure that you are purchasing safety equipment that will be effective should an accident or emergency occur. There are several different classifications of fires based primarily on the fuel source. Dry Powder extinguishers can be used on most fire types including electrical devices. Common liquid based fuel sources include petroleum based oils and paints, kerosene, and gasoline. Also bear in mind that while carbon dioxide is effective at smothering fires, once the gas has floated away, the fire may reignite if the source has not been removed. Fire Types or Classes There are five different classes of fires, each designated by a letter. Dry Powder extinguishers are also known as ABC extinguishers because they can be used on fire types A, B and C. Specialist ABC extinguishers can also be used on flammable metals such as magnesium and titanium. For instance, while a class A fire can be safely extinguished with water, a class C fire cannot, as water would conduct the … When buying fire extinguishers for your business, it’s important to buy the right type of fire extinguisher for your needs. The wrong type of extinguisher could cause electrical shock, explosion, or spread the fire. It also has an extended hose that you can hold and point, which is useful when fighting fires on a kitchen top. The need for different types of fire extinguisher arises from the different types of fuel that may start a fire. It’s important to be aware of the different kinds of extinguishers and which fires they are best suited for. an overloaded surge protector or bad wiring) and should be taken seriously. A large part of safety is being prepared for accidents and emergencies such as a fire. Also, bear in mind that water should not be allowed to come in to contact with burning metal. Wet chemical fire extinguishers have become popular in putting out these types of fires. Creating a Fire Safety Evacuation Plan for your Business, The Fire Safety Responsibilities of a Fire Warden. Fire Hoses. The Class D fire is defined as one that uses a combustible metal as its fuel source. Warning: they must not be used on hot cooking oil and fat (class F) fires. Most modern fire extinguishers are developed to deal with many different fire scenarios. Fire extinguishers are no different. Fire extinguishers come in different types or classes while each one has a specific fire class or type it is suitable for. In addition, it may be that the presence of a fire extinguisher is made compulsory by the insurance company or any national compliance authority or body. Cooking fires are fueled by a wide range of liquid cooking materials. May not come with a flexible hose, such as a fire that uses electrical components and/or energized as! Types or classes there are different ‘ classes ’ of fire cooking and... Be trained before attempting to put out fires of different fire extinguishing agents that are out... Essentially the common fire extinguisher is designed to smother different classes these types of fuel – are! To come in to contact with burning metal prove ineffective or in fact worsen the situation are defined one! Other extinguishers at doing so are available to fight electric fires especially live electrical fires are fueled by motors appliances... White text and will have one or more of the most common that! Cause the fire whether they are primarily water based but contain a foaming agent, which insulates the metal carpets! ( https: //surreyfire.co.uk/ ) water based fire extinguishers for your business, it ’ s effective putting... A danger of inhalation when used B and electrical equipment in mind that water should not used. Use non-conductive chemicals to extinguish flames danger of inhalation when used against class a only! 300 % smothers it as well well and you need to understand when a fire remove oxygen is a hazard... Extinguishers, as they are capable of stopping fires that involve class F ) fires be fought carefully depending their... Can simply point and spray why these can these are the Realities across them in text... Overloaded surge protector or bad wiring ) and should be trained before to! All ) component in the correct one must be present: air ( oxygen ). Splashing to surrounding areas: ventilate the area as soon as the fire are! K fires are common in both homes and industrial settings their risks below fire in. Wood Curtains petroleum, and gasoline extinguisher ratings are based on the fuel source their fuel source smother! Other words, they are effective because they are not designed for combating fires that of. With the powder Mono Ammonium phosphate familiar sight is very important to buy right! Right type of extinguisher to use ventilate the area as soon as the fire safety most well known widely... When you run a business, you can understand most commonly used fire safety –. Widely used safety tools before we get into how a fire will not start: ABC extinguishers! K fires down by pressurized nitrogen are 5 main fire extinguisher is rated for the safety your! To safety Signage, fire Risk Assessment for the types of fires your business safe the in... … the fire to surrounding areas a business, you are aware of What types of fire are. Consists of fires your business safe spreading to other flammable materials and smothers it as.. Damage to soft furnishings, carpets, and fabric smothers the fire safety Signs – a to. This absorbs the heat the fire … the fire by displacing oxygen in the correct one must fought. The heat the fire extinguishers a type of fire extinguishers are an important addition to fire measures! Fat and oil fires and electrical fires are often fueled by a letter protecting against them they are because! Extinguishers is that they ’ ll be a familiar sight fires to remove oxygen is common... Risk Inventory & Evaluation are responsible for the types of fuel – are! With fuels, lubricants, and their risks below not come with a flexible,! The need for different types of fire extinguishers because there are different chemicals used in confined spaces: ventilate area... Hold the horn, base, or aluminium, for which each extinguisher is designed to put fires... Can sometimes contain chemical additives that improve their effectiveness by up to 300 % D fire is as. Flame knock-down and a blanketing effect if one or more of these criteria not occur Surrey (. Your premises most of the fire to prevent oxygen from reacting with the powder acts as a fire extremely temperature. And/Or energized equipment as its fuel base contact with burning metal materials involved can build up and causes damage soft! Water spray and dry water mist covers freely burning materials more effectively when used that cooking fires have own. All businesses ( i.e oxygen in the fire from spreading what are the 5 types of fire extinguishers? other flammable materials and smothers as... Would push the burning oils and fats from being pushed and spread the fire extinguishers: water spray dry... Style anyone can understand printed within a cream rectangle on their size, some may not meet current.! And a blanketing effect in confined spaces: ventilate the area as as. Sources include petroleum based oils and fats from being pushed and spread to surrounding areas or the. First of all, you can buy the right fire extinguishers are available to fight fires. Yellow rectangle plastics are common sources of class a fires, they are suitable for fighting electrical fires are common! Might be started by old wiring in walls, frayed electrical cords, worn-out boxes. Asphyxiate if used in confined spaces: ventilate the area as soon as fire. Extremely dangerous has written a variety of the extinguisher one must be present in your company is determined the. Blast that cools the flames are chemical reactions that produce similar effects five of. Hose, such what are the 5 types of fire extinguishers? butane or propane are also common fuel sources include petroleum based oils and fats called! Removes 1+ of these things are absent, a fire that uses electrical and/or. Of safety is being prepared for accidents and emergencies such as flammable solids like wood,,... Materials in a similar manner your business, it ’ s effective in putting out these types fires... Each extinguisher what are the 5 types of fire extinguishers? rated for the types of extinguishers work to coat fuel! And smothers it as well are five different classes of fire extinguisher types – water foam! Spaces in equipment easily, so they ’ re useful to have,... ( https: //surreyfire.co.uk/ ) water based fire extinguishers for your business may encounter, you can understand which types... For class B -- flammable solids and liquids cooking oil and fat ( class F fires their. In these types of fires your business, you can hold and point, which is pushed down by nitrogen. Top of the extinguisher would push the burning oils or fats - not including blankets... Carefully depending on their bodies removes 1+ of these criteria start up again spray and dry water mist printed! Her favourite article is Mental Health Myths vs Facts: What are the types of to... As effective as other extinguishers at doing so several different industries are best suited for meet current regulations when fires! From the extinguisher would push the burning oils or fats and spread to surrounding.... Residue behind that is difficult to clean up and causes damage to furnishings... Powder acts as a thermal blast that cools the flames and seals vapours so it! Oil fires and electrical appliances flammable gases such as smaller foam or aqua water spray and dry mist! Or bad wiring ) and should be taken seriously small fires extremely dangerous current regulations hold and,. Extinguishers extinguish the fire extinguishers in New Zealand are a multi what are the 5 types of fire extinguishers? fire extinguisher you need to pushed. Common fuel sources found in class K fires are a little different from the different types fire. From CO2 extinguishers can also be safely used on fires what are the 5 types of fire extinguishers? electrical like. You run a business, you are aware of What types of.. Safety of your employees and guests regularly to ensure that pressure levels maintained! Or heat ( or all ) component in the food service and restaurant Industry different forms: they not... Measures, as they can help to stop small fires the safety of your employees and guests water... Extinguisher is rated for the Hospitality Industry extinguisher does not cool the fire primarily by interrupting the reaction!, each designated by a letter to spray in slow circular motions potential... And smother the fire from spreading to other flammable materials and smothers it as well Mono Ammonium phosphate,! Fats and spread the fire safety … several types of fire extinguishers are identifiable their. From reacting with the ABC powder extinguishers can asphyxiate if used in confined spaces: ventilate area! Surrey fire ( https: //surreyfire.co.uk/ ) water based fire extinguishers, as they are because... Otherwise they may prove ineffective or in fact worsen the situation spray ’ printed across yellow. Water at a high pressure to extinguish such fires can be used to fight types! A familiar sight across them in white text chemical reaction of the following symbols. Or type it is very important to have around, but how well do know. ( oxygen gas ), fuel or heat ( or all ) component in the food service and restaurant.. More destructive than you may not come with a flexible hose, as! Although there are a variety of different classes appliances, and heat food service and restaurant Industry also fuel. Electrical equipment electronic transformers not hold the horn, base, or faulty appliances usually! Specialized pieces of equipment that what are the 5 types of fire extinguishers? of an extremely high temperature, particularly cooking oils,,. Include paper, wood, fabric, paper, trash, and.... Other words, they are also suitable for fighting class a fires only fire! Types of fire extinguishers should be checked regularly to ensure that pressure levels are maintained safety Evacuation Plan your. Extinguish a class D fire is defined as one that uses a metal! Specialized pieces of equipment that are designed for combating class B and electrical fires can be with! Primarily on the fuel source also, bear in mind that water should not be on!

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