This flag was a variation of the New England Pine Tree flag. The Tree Flag (or Appeal to Heaven Flag) was one of the flags used during the American Revolution. For example, Patrick Henry closes his infamous “give me liberty” speech by declaring that: If we wish to be free—if we mean to preserve inviolate those inestimable privileges for which we have been so long contending—if we mean not basely to abandon the noble struggle in which we have been so long engaged, and which we have pledged ourselves never to abandon—we must fight!—I repeat it, sir, we must fight!! [xiv] Jonathan Trumbull quoted in James Longacre, The National Portrait Gallery of Distinguished Americans (Philadelphia: James B. Longacre, 1839), 4.5, here. As the skirmishes unfolded into all out warfare between the colonists and England, the Pinetree Flag with its prayer to God became synonymous with the American struggle for liberty. Locke goes on to explain that when the people of a country “have no appeal on earth, then they have a liberty to appeal to Heaven whenever they judge the cause of sufficient moment [importance].”[ix] However, Locke cautions that appeals to Heaven through open war must be seriously and somberly considered beforehand since God is perfectly just and will punish those who take up arms in an unjust cause. In a letter dated October 20, 1775, Colonel Reed suggested a "flag with a white ground and a tree in the middle, the motto AN APPEAL TO HEAVEN" be used for the ships Washington commissioned. Please read these Terms and Conditions ("Terms", "Terms and Conditions") carefully before using the https://wallbuilders.com/ website (the "Service") operated by WallBuilders, LLC ("us", "we", or "our"). [xxii], Throughout the centuries America has continually and repeatedly acknowledged the need to look to God and appeal to Heaven. Prior to Colonel Reed's suggestion and Massachusetts General Court establishing the Pine Tree flag as the standard of the Massachusetts navy, "an appeal to Heaven" or similar expressions had been invoked by the Massachusetts Provincial Congress in several resolutions, Patrick Henry in his Liberty or Death speech, and the Second Continental Congress in the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms. [ix] John Locke, Two Treatises of Government (London: A. Millar, et al., 1794), 346-347, here. [iii] In January of 1776, Commodore Samuel Tucker flew the flag while successfully capturing a British troop transport which was attempting to relieve the besieged British forces in Boston.[iv]. county to take down 'Appeal to Heaven' flag, "Press Release, George Washington 'Appeal To Heaven' Flag Helps Focus attention on 'National Day of Prayer' Coming Up on May 2nd", "January 6th 2021. The Appeal to Heaven flag is flown or worn to show who a person is — a man or woman who does not look to men or government for approval, but lives by the principle of their convictions and appeals to the Almighty for protection, provision, and justice. An Appeal To Heaven. Fascinating. For example, in the War of 1812 against Britain, during the Defense of Fort McHenry, Francis Scott Key penned what would become our National Anthem, encapsulating this perspective by writing that: Blest with vict’ry and peace may the heav’n rescued land. Locke affirms that when societies are formed and systems and methods of mediation can be instituted, armed conflict to settle disputes is a last resort. [x], The fact that Locke writes extensively concerning the right to a just revolution as an appeal to Heaven becomes massively important to the American colonists as England begins to strip away their rights. WallBuilders is an organization dedicated to presenting America’s forgotten history and heroes, with an emphasis on the moral, religious, and constitutional foundation on which America was built – a foundation which, in recent years, has been seriously attacked and undermined. [v] Richard Frothingham, History of the Siege of Boston, and of the Battles of Lexington, Concord, and Buner Hill (Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1849), 261, here. It occurred almost two years prior to the more well-known Boston Tea Party protest and three years before open hostilities began at the Battles of Lexington and Concord.[8]. What do you think of a flag with a white ground, a tree in the middle, the motto ‘Appeal to Heaven’? One that stands out to me was flown on cruisers commissioned by General George Washington in 1775. [xvi]  In 1776 Benjamin Franklin even suggested that this phrase be part of the nation’s Great Seal. George Washington, had supplied funds to create a temporary fleet of floating batteries in Boston Harbor and six privateers, known as “Washington’s Cruisers” for service on the high seas.A flag or ensign was necessary to distinguish these “Cruisers” from pirate ships or merchant marine. This video below is the intro to the HBO movie "John Adams". The Tree Flag (or Appeal to Heaven Flag) was one of the flags used during the American Revolution. Thus, when the early militiamen and naval officers flew the Pinetree Flag emblazoned with its motto “An Appeal for Heaven,” it was not some random act with little significance or meaning. When George Washington commissioned the first-ever officially sanctioned military ships for America in 1775, Colonel Joseph Reed wrote the captains asking them to: Please to fix upon some particular color for a flag, and a signal by which our vessels may know one another. Beavers, pine trees, rattlesnakes, anchors and various other insignia were affixed to different banners with mottoes such as "Hope," "Liberty," "Appeal to Heaven," or "Don't Tread on Me. Ever the diplomat, Washington chose the New England pine tree motif as a gesture of solidarity and friendship between the northern and southern colonies. The flag bears a strong association with the ideals of Natural Law. Our historical flags are unsurpassed in quality and authenticity. And when we can, with full confidence, make the appeal, like David, and ask to be prospered according to our righteousness, and the cleanness of our hands, what strength and animation it gives us! The historically accepted flag has a red field with the green pine tree in the upper left corner as depicted in John Trumbull's The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker's Hill, June 17, 1775 painting. As we shall discover, this flag is also reminiscent of an earlier standard of the covenant people of the God of … For example, the flag pictured on the right bore the phrase “Resistance to Tyrants is Obedience to God,” which came from an earlier 1750 sermon by the influential Rev. During the War for Independence other mottos and rallying cries included similar sentiments. This is the flag of our floating batteries. Great Star Flag $43.50 There are many, many versions of the Great Star flag. [vi] Richard Frothingham, History of the Siege of Boston, and of the Battles of Lexington, Concord, and Buner Hill (Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1849), 262, here. Anley Fly Breeze 3x5 Foot an Appeal to Heaven Flag - Vivid Color and Fade Proof - Canvas Header and Double Stitched - Pine Tree Flags Polyester with Brass Grommets 3 X … For many modern Americans it might be surprising to learn that one of the first national mottos and flags was “an appeal to Heaven.” Where did this phrase originate, and why did the Americans identify themselves with it? [16] [17] [18] In 2013, the flag was seen at a soi-disant Million Vet March where it flew behind Sarah Palin in photographs. Colonists adopted the pine as a symbol on flags and currency in the 17th century, including variants of the flag of New England and coinage produced by the Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1652 to 1682. Months prior to Colonel Joseph Reed's suggestion for using the pine, the pine was used on the flag that the colonists flew at the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1775. [iii] Schuyler Hamilton, Our National Flag; The Stars and Stripes; Its History in a Century (New York: George R. Lockwood, 1877), 16-17, here. So they altered the British naval ensign flag to exclude the cross of St. George in the corner. Only 13 left in stock - order soon. That Tree flag suggested by Colonel Reed on 20 October a.d 1775 came shortly after the Loyalists in Boston in mid-August cut down the Liberty Tree where where Sons of Liberty would rally, so this first Navy flag, with its motto "Appeal to Heaven" served as a defiant Liberty Tree flag. Furthermore, Jonathan Trumbull, who as governor of Connecticut was the only royal governor to retain his position after the Declaration, explained that the Revolution began only after repeated entreaties to the King and Parliament were rebuffed and ignored. The Tree Flag (or Appeal to Heaven Flag) was one of the flags used during the American Revolution. George Washington’s 13 branches of his tree of heaven—and his 13 colonies relate to the magical number of 13 in Templar lore. [xx] And after World War II, President Eisenhower led Congress in making “In God We Trust” the official National Motto,[xxi] also adding “under God” to the pledge in 1954. [6], Lacking domestic production of timber, and with imports from Russia and Sweden vulnerable to disruption, England included a mast-preservation clause in the 1691 Massachusetts Charter to ensure a reliable supply of 24-inch (61 cm) diameter trees for the Royal Navy. Instead, they sought to march into battle with a recognition of God’s Providence and their reliance on the King of Kings to right the wrongs which they had suffered. The flag of Maine, the "pine tree state", featured a pine tree on a buff field with a blue star in the canton from 1901 to 1909. The motto comes from John Locke's Second Treatise on Civil Government. Big selection, Appeal to Heaven, State Flags, Historic … George Washingtonarrivedto take command on July 3rd. [viii] John Locke, Two Treatises of Government (London: A. Millar, et al., 1794), 211, here. To understand the meaning behind the Pinetree Flag we must go back to John Locke’s influential Second Treatise of Government (1690). [xvi] Jonathan Mayhew, A Discourse Concerning Unlimited Submission and Non-Resistance to the Higher Powers (Boston: D. Fowle, 1750) [Evans # 6549]; see also, John Adams, Letters of John Adams, Addressed to His Wife, ed. The branches are open wide and reaching to heaven as in an appeal to God for His Judgment on burning issues of contention that have arisen. In the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol the flag was flown as symbolizing people's right of revolution to the government. As the name suggests, this flag was characterized by having both a tree (most commonly thought to be a pine or a cypress) and the motto reading “an appeal to Heaven.” Typically, these were displayed on a white field, and often were used by troops, especially in New England, as the liberty tree was a prominent northern symbol for the independence movement. Washington's Cruisers Flag (U.S.). [vii] The main motto, “An Appeal to Heaven,” inspired other similar flags with mottos such as “An Appeal to God,” which also often appeared on early American flags. Subsequently, it was used again by the Second Continental Congress in the Declaration of Independence. The "tree of peace" is featured in the center of the Iroquois national belt, named for the Great Peacemaker's helper, Hiawatha.[3][4]. One of the most famous and widespread standards rushed up flagpoles on both land and sea was the “Pinetree Flag,” or sometimes called “An Appeal to Heaven” flag. [xvii] The Americans’ thinking and philosophy was so grounded on a Biblical perspective that even a British parliamentary report in 1774 acknowledged that, “If you ask an American, ‘Who is his master?’ He will tell you he has none—nor any governor but Jesus Christ.”[xviii]. $ 13.00. Today, our hope is that the words of and the history about this flag, can once again become the rallying cry for a people who are seeking the God of heaven to heal America. Thomas Jefferson was accused of plagiarizing Locke in certain sections of the Declaration of Independence by fellow Virginian delegate Richard Henry Lee.[11]. [xi] Donald Lutz, The Origins of American Constitutionalism (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1988), 143. We the People of the United States. The Tree Flag (or the Appeal to Heaven Flag) was one of the flags which was used during the American Revolution. An Appeal to Heaven. [xv] The Question of War with Great Britain, Examined upon Moral and Christian Principles (Boston: Snelling and Simons, 1808), 13, here. John Lalor (Chicago: Melbert B. Cary & Company, 1883), 2.232, here. The Lord the Judge (says he) he judge this day between the children of Israel and the children of Ammon, Judg. Following their 1620 arrival to Plymouth, the Pilgrims began harvesting the indigenous pines; two decades later, they began exporting the wood as far as Madagascar. It was also used by Massachusetts state navy vessels in addition to privateers sailing from Massachusetts. Indeed, “there are recorded in the history of those days many instances of the use of the pine-tree flag between October, 1775, and July, 1776.”[ii], Some of America’s earliest battles and victories were fought under a banner declaring “an appeal to Heaven.” Some historians document that General Israel Putnam’s troops at Bunker Hill used a flag with the motto on it, and during the Battle of Boston the floating batteries (floating barges armed with artillery) proudly flew the famous white Pinetree Flag. This God-centered focus continued throughout our history after the Revolutionary War. From shop KiloKiloDecals. As the name suggests, this flag was characterized by having both a tree (most commonly thought to be a pine or a cypress) and the motto reading “an appeal to Heaven.” [xviii] Hezekiah Niles, Principles and Acts of the Revolution in America (Baltimore: William Ogden Niles, 1822), 198. When every glimpse of hope failed not only of justice but of safety, we were compelled, by the last necessity, to appeal to Heaven and rest the defense of our liberties and privileges upon the favor and protection of Divine Providence; and the resistance we could make by opposing force to force.[xiv]. Flag Store in Clearwater Made in USA Custom Flags. 27.[viii]. [2], The following summer, on July 26, 1776, the Massachusetts General Court established the flag of the state navy with a resolution that stated in part: "...that the Colours be a white Flag, with a green Pine Tree, and an Inscription, 'Appeal to Heaven'. The flag, featuring a pine tree flag with the motto "An Appeal to God" or, more usually, "An Appeal to Heaven" was used originally by a squadron of six cruisers commissioned under George Washington's authority as commander in chief of the Continental Army in October 1775. [19], Media related to Pine Tree Flag at Wikimedia Commons, Wyatt, Rick (2002). The Continental Navy, knowing they were up against the greatest naval power in the world, set sail flying a flag with an “APPEAL TO HEAVEN.” Unfortunately, there is controversy over the placement of the words, appearance of the trees and leaves, direction of branches, etc. Ours is 3'x5' outdoor nylon. [1], The design of the flag came from General Washington's secretary, Colonel Joseph Reed. The Tree Flag (or Appeal to Heaven Flag) was one of the flags used during the American Revolution. The Pine Tree Flag The Pine Tree Flag, also known as the flag of Washington's Cruisers, bears the inscription on it of An Appeal to Heaven on a white background, along with a representation of the Liberty Tree in the center. Praise the power that hath made and preserv’d us a nation! In efforts to comply with the new GDPR regulations we have created a Privacy Center for your convenience. "In 1971 the motto was removed, and the flag was designated "the naval and maritime flag of the Commonwealth". You will receive a 30% off coupon to use in our store after signing up. The English statesman writes that: he that appeals to Heaven must be sure he has right on his side; and a right to that is worth the trouble and cost of the appeal as he will answer at a tribunal that cannot be deceived [God’s throne] and will be sure to retribute to everyone according to the mischiefs he hath created to his fellow subjects; that is, any part of mankind. Locke turned to the Bible to explain his argument: To avoid this state of war (wherein there is no appeal but to Heaven, and wherein every the least difference is apt to end, where there is no authority to decide between the contenders) is one great reason of men’s putting themselves into society and quitting [leaving] the state of nature, for where there is an authority—a power on earth—from which relief can be had by appeal, there the continuance of the state of war is excluded and the controversy is decided by that power. XV, p. 462, to James Madison on August 30, 1823. When the illustrious Washington, at an early stage of our revolutionary contest, committed the cause in that solemn manner. Your donation is taxdeductible. America’s Exceptional History of Anti-Slavery, A Tale of Two Cities: Jamestown, Plymouth, and the American Way, Pro-Abortion Pelosi ‘Welcomes’ 45 Pro-Lifers to 117th Congress. Retrieved from, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker's Hill, June 17, 1775, Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms, 2021 storming of the United States Capitol, http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq122-1.htm, http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/us-wacr.html, "The 6 Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy", "Weare, NH 1772: Rebellion Before the Revolution–The Pine Tree Riot", "John Locke's Appeal to Heaven: It's Continuing Relevance", "John Locke – A Philosophical Founder of America", "Press Release, "FFRF asks Ark. In it we see the "Appeal to Heaven" flag featuring a pine tree not unlike the Norfolk Island Pine. [xxi] D. Jason Berggan, “In God We Trust,” The First Amendment Encyclopedia (2017), here. "In the early days of the Revolution, there were colonial and regimental flags by the score. The flag, featuring a pine tree with the motto "An Appeal to God" or, more usually, "An Appeal to Heaven", was used originally by a squadron of six cruisers commissioned under George Washington's authority as commander in chief of the Continental Army in October 1775. And therefore, though the people cannot be judge, so as to have, by the constitution of that society, any superior power, to determine and give effective sentence in the case; yet they have, by a law antecedent and paramount to all positive laws of men, reserved that ultimate determination to themselves which belongs to all mankind, where there lies no appeal on earth, viz. In writing to a foreign leader, Trumbull clarified that: On the 19th day of April, 1775, the scene of blood was opened by the British troops, by the unprovoked slaughter of the Provincial troops at Lexington and Concord. One slogan that was popular early in the Revolutionary era was “An Appeal to Heaven.” Even though the famous “pine tree” flag that features this slogan is still widely recognized as a symbol of the Revolution, the meaning of the words “An Appeal to Heaven” isn’t obvious to … WallBuilders is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization. The flag was adopted by conservative Christian activists in multiple locations. [13] In 2015 the Appeal to Heaven flag and slogan were also adopted by a conservative religious movement using the same name. Often the flag motto is shown wrong, it says "An Appeal To Heaven", that implies a singular event or a single man (male or female). The Tree Flag (or Appeal to Heaven Flag) was one of the flags used during the American Revolution. When there no longer remains any higher earthly authority to which two contending parties (such as sovereign nations) can appeal, the only option remaining is to declare war in assertion of certain rights. [xvii] “Benjamin Franklin’s Great Seal Design,” The Great Seal (accessed September 2, 2020), here. [xx] B. F. Morris, Memorial Record of the Nation’s Tribute to Abraham Lincoln (Washington, DC: W. H. & O. H. Morrison, 1866), 216, here. In this book, the famed philosopher explains that when a government becomes so oppressive and tyrannical that there no longer remains any legal remedy for citizens, they can appeal to Heaven and then resist that tyrannical government through a revolution. This is what Locke calls an appeal to Heaven because, as in the case of Jephthah and the Ammonites, it is God in Heaven Who ultimately decides who the victors will be. Our nation's Navy knew that Appeal To Heaven was an ongoing imperative, for all of US. Jonathan Mayhew. The flag, featuring a pine tree with the motto "An Appeal to God" or, more usually, "An Appeal to Heaven", was used originally by a squadron of six cruisers commissioned under George Washington's authority as commander in chief of the Continental Army in October 1775. Given the pine tree's significance to the colonists and since the flag was to fly over colonial warships, the pine offered an appropriate and ironic symbol, as it flew atop the very structure for which the British had sought to harvest the white pine. US Capitol Building, Washington DC.USA - Image ID: 2E2R1T9", Dutch Sheets Tells Story Behind the Appeal to Heaven Flag, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pine_Tree_Flag&oldid=1000979576, Articles with broken or outdated citations from November 2020, All articles with broken or outdated citations, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It signified that New Englanders were loyal to the Crown but intended to defend their liberties. Unsurprisingly, the choice of a national flag remained unanswered for many months due to more pressing issues such as arranging a defense and forming the government. The “appeal to heaven” motto was even fashioned into a famous patriot flag, sometimes known as the “Pine Tree Flag.” The the flag flew over a squadron of six cruisers under George Washington. In fact, Abraham Lincoln was inspired to put “In God we Trust” on coins, which was one of his last official acts before his untimely death. The theorists count the branches on the stone’s tree and find that there appear to be thirteen of them on each side- the same number of branches, they claim, which grace each side of the tree on the particular version of the Appeal to Heaven flag to which they likened the carving in the War Room. Had there been any such court—any superior jurisdiction on earth—to determine the right between Jephthah and the Ammonites, they had never come to a state of war, but we see he was forced to appeal to Heaven. Millions of people in America are being deceived into believing that Christians should not try to influence political issues. "[2], The pine tree has been symbolic in New England since the late 16th century, predating the arrival of colonists. The Continental Army was surrounding Boston in the late spring of 1775.The British Army was trapped inside the city. It was a white flag with a green pine tree and the words “An Appeal To Heaven”. xi. Additionally, it was adopted by Massachusetts, where the flag adorned both state and private naval vessels. Surveyors marked trees appropriated to the Crown with the broad arrow symbol, but the so-called broad-arrow policy was never effectively enforced and colonists cut mast pines for sale on the black market. New England's eastern white pine was prized in the colonial shipbuilding industry for its quality and height. Though forces in our society work to reinterpret this godly heritage, an examination of history shows it clearly. [xix] Francis Scott Key, “The Defence of Fort M’Henry,” The Analectic Magazine (Philadelphia: Moses Thomas, 1814) 4.433-444. However, a flag was still needed by the military in order to differentiate the newly forged American forces from those of the oncoming British. Therefore, when the time came to separate from Great Britain and the regime of King George III, the leaders and citizens of America well understood what they were called upon to do. The phrase is a particular expression of the right of revolution used by British philosopher John Locke in chapter 14 of his Second Treatise on Civil Government which was published in 1690 as part of Two Treatises of Government refuting the theory of the divine right of kings. [x] John Locke, Two Treatises of Government (London: A. Millar, et al., 1794), 354-355, here. American Flags Discounted. Our Mission. Congress adopted both his 13 stripes idea and the idea of adding a star for each future state. 88. [15], The flag was also adopted by conservative political activists. [i], In fact, prior to the Declaration of Independence but after the opening of hostilities, the Pinetree Flag was one of the most popular flags for American troops. Buy authentic Washington's Cruisers Flags. [vii] Richard Frothingham, History of the Siege of Boston, and of the Battles of Lexington, Concord, and Buner Hill (Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1849), 262, here. Double Sided Trump Flags. New England’s Puritans, led by Roger Williams, didn’t think it appropriate for a flag to bear a Christian cross. The church pulpits likewise thundered with further Biblical exegesis on the importance of appealing to God for an ultimate redress of grievances, and pastors for decades after the War continued to teach on the subject. The Pinetree Flag represents a vital part of America’s history and an important step on the journey to reaching a national flag during the early days of the War for Independence. During the 1760s and 1770s, the Founding Fathers quoted Locke more than any other political author, amounting to a total of 11% and 7% respectively of all total citations during those formative decades. [xii] Thomas Jefferson, The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, Andrew A. Lipscomb, editor (Washington, D.C.: The Thomas Jefferson Memorial Association, 1904), Vol. In the 2010s, the flag began to be flown during protests by conservative activists in both political and religious contexts within the United States. The "Appeal to Heaven" flag looks nothing like what they had on the show: https://www.google.com/search?q=appeal+to+heaven+flag None of them have 13 … The adjacent Colonies took up arms in their own defense; and the Congress again met, again petitioned the Throne [the English king] for peace and settlement; and again their petitions were contemptuously disregarded. Several temporary flags were swiftly employed in order to satisfy the want. This was certainly evident in the earliest days of the War for Independence with the Pinetree Flag and its powerful inscription: “An Appeal to Heaven.”. An early map of Boston reflected this by showing a side image of a British redcoat trying to rip this flag out of the hands of a colonist (see image on right). John Locke’s explanation of the right to just revolution permeated American political discourse and influenced the direction the young country took when finally being forced to appeal to Heaven in order to reclaim their unalienable rights. 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